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Organic farming is gaining popularity in Malaysia today, partly due to the effect of CETDEMs Organic Farm which operated for some 10 years at Sungai Buloh, near Kuala Lumpur (CETDEM started its 1st Community Farm in mid September 1996 in Subang New Village).What began as a one-acre experiment in 1987 grew well enough to be a proven venture. The small farm was growing vegetables and fruits, without the use of any
chemical pesticides or synthetic fertilizers.The farm concentrated on a variety of local vegetables including cabbage, tomatoes, cucumbers, long beans, radish, eggplants, mustard [sawi], and spinach [bayam]. It was also growing tropical fruits like papaya and banana.Within a few years, possibly much to the surprise of some cynics, the farm was flourishing enough to be doing direct sales and even retailing its produce through two supermarkets in Kuala Lumpur.Today, the farm is closed. But only to launch a new beginning.CETDEM decided that with its limited resources, it has to spread the good philosophy and practice of organic farming and kitchen gardening. The practical experiences learnt need to be shared, more so when there is an urgent need to increase the quality and quantity of organic produce in the Malaysian market.


The main objectives of the Project are to demonstrate the viability of organic farming in the Malaysian environment and to promote public appreciation of environmental issues including:

- The conservation of resources
- The need for changes in lifestyle

The current phase of the Project focuses on sharing our experiences with farmers, trainers and individuals so that more organic produce is available in the country

Specifically, from 1986 to 1996, the CETDEM organic farm:1. Sought to cultivate an appreciation of farming [especially organic farming] while being a practical contribution to the national effort to be self-sufficient in food;2. Allowed the development and application of ecologically sound agricultural practices as well as the utilization of renewable energy systems; and3. Enabled both interns and volunteers to improve their own skills through participation in farm activities while allowing them to provide a practical learning environment for children who spent weekends and school holidays at the farm.


In the early years, the Project received financial support from Bread for the World (1988 – 1992) and HIVOS (1998 – 1999). In between it was funded from income from the Organic Farm itself.


Brief Organic History(Source: Article by Nuria Alonso in the international magazine of IFOAM No.36)
The spread of organic ideas started in the 1920s and 1930s with the publication of books by the pioneers from Europe and the USA. Those publications expounded more an ideology and a way of life than technical guidelines for producing food organically.The time for standards came later, preceded by a period on which the organic producers started to organize their first associations and in several countries of Europe, the US and Australia developed a voluntary system of inspection.The first organic label was probably Demeter, the biodynamic label. After that, the British Soil Association published its first standards in 1967.The modern, more structured system of inspections, in situ as known nowadays, started in the 1970s. During this period the development of organic certification in some states of the US, mainly in California, was particularly relevant. These initiatives by existing groups of organic farmers led to the development certification bodies such as the California Certified Organic Farmers (CCOF). By the 1980s other European organizations, such as KRAV in Sweden and Skal in the Netherlands, had started to develop their standards and certification programmes.The organizations founded during those decades were usually and still are dedicated to several other activities related to organic production in addition to certification.By and large, governmental legislation started in the 1980s; California and Oregon, with state legislation dating back to the 1970s, being the notable exceptions. This development was in response to governments recognizing the emerging importance of organic markets and wanting to organize and regulate that kind of production. In Europe, 3 countries – Denmark, France and Spain – had national legislation in place within that decade.A very significant step was the implementation of the EU Regulation 2092/91, which took place in Europe in 1991. This Regulation, which covered all EU Member States, meant that more countries than ever before, including some that had shown little interest in organic production became governed by an organic regulation. 13 years later the Regulation is still in force. Throughout that time a total of 25 amendments and new standards, proposed by the Committee that represents all the EU Member States and approved by the EU Commission have been incorporated, so that now it has grown into a much more extensive document than the original one in 1991.In 2000 Japan published its Organic Regulation (JAS) and the final regulation for organic food in the US, the National Organic Program (NOP), came into force in October 2002. Several other countries throughout the world now have a national legislation that regulates their organic production, and many others are putting the necessary resources into developing legislation.Until recently, countries from Africa, Asia, Latin America, and Eastern Europe did not have an internal market for organic produce. Any certified organic production in these countries was to supply the international markets of the richer countries of Europe, North America, Japan and Australia. These organic enterprises were managed according to the standards of the importing countries, and were mainly certified by certification bodies from the countries where the Organic Movement started.But things are changing, especially in Latin America and Eastern Europe. In Latin America the situation has developed from the first national organic legislation being implemented in Argentina in 1992, to the current scenario, where several countries have recently published, are drafting, or are discussing the drafting of national standards. At the same time some accredited local certification bodies are also emerging. In Eastern Europe several countries joined the EU on 1 May 2004, and big developments are expected regarding their organic production and legislation.At the international and global level, the role played by IFOAM should be recognized. Founded as in International Federation for Organic Agriculture Movements in 1972, it has published basic organic standards since 1980. These standards, continuously updated and enlarged, are used as a reference, a common point and a guideline for the development of many new and different organic standards throughout the world. The IFOAM Basic Standards (IBS) have thus provided the basis of standards and regulations in regions of the world with very different climates, cultures and agriculture practices. Parallel to this project, was the development of Codex Alimentarius (or food code), which was drawn up under the joint FAO/WHO food standards programme. The purpose of the Codex Alimentarius was to act as a guideline on the production, processing, labeling and marketing of organically produced food. They were finally adopted in 1999.

Role of Standards in Organic Trade

The current net of organic standards available worldwide has a fundamental influence over the market of organic products. Nowadays private standards belonging to individual certification bodies, are very common, but every decade governmental standards are becoming more relevant. Generally speaking, an organic organization is allowed to keep their own standards if they are in compliance with their country’s national regulations. In the case of the EU Member countries private standards must be compliant with the EU Regulation 2092/91. An exception is the US, where since the implementation of the USDA programme (NOP), private organic bodies in the country are not allowed to use their own standards or any others that differ to the NOP, except for meeting exportation requirements.What happens in practice is that the main importing countries are the ones that impose their rules in the international organic market. Therefore, the world’s three dominant regulations, the EU Regulation, NOP in the USA and JAS in Japan, have the largest number of organic producers that must conform to them. In addition, the stronger private standards have an added influence on many producers within both their own countries and importing countries.Closely related to the standards that organic producers must conform to is another important marketing element; that of the seal or logo used. As with the situation with standards, there are governmental seals and private ones. In France, the most recognizable and influential symbol is the national government seal called AB. In Germany the national Biosiegel is well accepted. However, in many other European countries it is a private symbol that is the most influential and in many cases is what consumers associate with the word “organic” when looking at a food label.The different standards at national or private level and the different seals enrich the concept of “organic” with their differences, but sometimes represent a barrier for trade. The organic sector is continuously searching for greater harmonization. The importance of this issue was illustrated at the IFOAM Conference on “International Harmonization and Equivalence in Organic Agriculture”, held in Nuremberg, Germany in February 2002. There was much discussion and it was clear that all sectors involved need to make every effort if any degree of harmonization is to be achieved.


Development of Organic Standard

(Source: Article by Nuria Alonso in the international magazine of IFOAM No.36)

Initial Development of Organic Standards – Ideology & Principles
1928 The Demeter Symbol, based on Rudolf Steiners philosophy, introduced and the first Standards for Demeter Quality Control formulated
1940 Sir Albert Howard, British agronomist working in India published An Agricultural Testament
1942 First issue of Organic Farming and Gardening by J.I. Rodale (US) published
1943 Lady Eve Balfour published The Living Soil (UK)
1946 Foundation of the Soil Association (UK)
Early Development of Private Standards & Government Legislations
1967 First Organic Standards published (by Soil Association in UK)
1972 Foundation of International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movement (IFOAM)
1980 First publication of IFOAM Basic Standards
1990 Organic Foods Production Act passed in the US
Developments in the 1990s
1991 EU Regulation 2092/91 was adopted
1992 The NOP Proposed Rule (National Organic Standards of the US) published
1992 The National Standard for Organic and Bio-Dynamic Produce implemented in Australia
1994 The Chinese National Environmental Protection Agency established the OFDC, currently the main certifier & a standards setting organization
1998 IFOAM developed Organic Textiles Standards, since then other private organizations have developed their own textiles standards
1998 The Swiss Regulation on Organic Faring came into force following the legislation in the EuopreanUnion
1999 Guidelines from FAO/WHO, Codex Alimentarius adopted
1999 EU incorporated regulation for livestock production
Recent Developments
2000 Japanese Organic Regulation (JAS) published
2000 The NOP Proposed Rule (National Organic Standards of the US) published
2002 Two new fair trade standards, published by the Soil Association (UK) and Ecocert in France (Bio Equitable)
2002 National Organic Program (NOP) Final Rule (US) came into force
2002 FAO and Tropical Fruit Network prepared the Technical Guidelines on Organic Cultivation of Tropical and Sub-tropical Fruits.
2003 IFOAM and some certifying bodies over the last few years developed Organic Aquaculture Standards
2003 New addition to the EU Regulation 2092/91 to implement standards on the manufacture of livestock feeding stuff.


Material for Sales

Besides GREEN NEST Quarterly, there is a teaching kit comprising slides, transparencies and notes while a video on local organic farming [both in English & Malay] was produced in December 1999.HOW TO ORDER ? Send your order together with payment (cheque/money order/postal order in favour of CETDEM) include bank commission for outstation cheque to:CETDEM
P.O Box 382
46740 Petaling Jaya

Postal charge are:
1st 500gm is RM 5.00
501 gm-1000 gm is RM 7.00
1001 gm-2000 gm is RM 10.00
Add RM 1.70 for Registered letter (for Malaysian citizen)


My Dream

Talking about ‘Dreams’ – well, I have always been dreaming……until today… I remember when I was in primary school and we were asked to write an essay on what we would do if we were millionaires. I wanted to help the poor and make people happy, I wrote. And when I was in the secondary, I would always cycle to the seaside at sunset and look at the blue sky and dream of being a bird….fly and fly with no worries but lots of freedom, and I remember I even wrote a very romantic poem (in Mandarin!) but the newspaper wouldn’t publish it because the editor said at my age I shouldn’t be writing love poems!

As I grew older, one of my dreams came through…..I wanted to live a meaningful life and here I am. I was given plenty of opportunities to learn, experience, acquire knowledge, discover my weaknesses and strengths and listen to my inner voice…..thus I want to share, utilize, disseminate and impart these ‘wealth’ with people and together we grow! For this the then CETDEM Community Farm was set up in September 1986 and later had the name changed to CETDEM Organic Farm one year after we moved to Sungai Buloh in 1988. However, the ‘Dream’ of seeing a Community Organic Farm happening, the fire within me is still burning……goes and comes, even until today … The dream of people living and working together with a life full of challenges; people coming to the farm to experience and understand Man and Nature relationships, and find solace in the farm/community. The joy of eating healthy food and understanding how food are being produced, and how it helps one to develop one’s inner soul and shape one’s social faculty. I dream to see the farm as a platform for human development and not just produce and supply of vegetables. Like we always say – farming is an art – it is not just another way to farm but is a way of life.

As the soil is the foundation of any farming community, we need to understand the meaning of ‘agri–culture’ as it is ‘cultivation of land’ and not simply ‘cultivating dollars and cents’. Someone pointed out that the words of tillage and worship are ideas of culture rooted from an Indo-European, meaning both ‘to resolve’ and ‘to dwell’. To live, to survive on the earth, to care for the soil and to worship, all are part of a cycle. I always observe how soil and weeds are being hoed and farm tools maintained – these show the farmers’ love, pride and commitments towards the fruit of their labour.

I still dream of one day seeing an environmentally conscious type of organic shop run along the traditional concepts. I dream to see many more owners taking a very bold step and commit to organic principles, especially environmental protection and adopt retail code of practices.

I believe the day when I stop dreaming will be the day my Heart stops beating !

Have a Wonderful & Fruitful year 2006 and may your dream(s) come true !

Other articles found in this issue:

Study Backs Operating Efficiency of Organic Sector

Soil Management: Know Your Soil

Insects that control Other Insects

Formaldehyde Removal by Plants

My New Compost Bin

Seed Saving of Melons & Cucumber

My New Compost Bin

A Day with an Organic farmer
Mr Loh Siew Fook of Loh`s Organic Veg-Garden
By Kenny Ng Khian Ee

Biodigesters in ecological farming systems
By T. R. Preston, LEISA volume 21


OF Friends and Groupings

Membership is open to all healthy-living enthusiasts – whether office-workers, homemakers, students, or even retired persons.Kitchen Gardening Group (KGG)
Membership is open to all healthy-living enthusiasts – whether office-workers, homemakers, students, or even retired persons.Farmers Group

This informal group was set up in 1998 as a platform for farmers to network and exchange information and experiences, knowledge & problems, and more importantly, their ability to work as a group. It tries to create opportunities for the farmers & NGOs, both locally and globally, through study visits, seminars, workshops, & conference.CETDEM would like to see the farmers formally organised and acting as part of an integrated O.F. system. In order to safeguard the interests of genuine organic farmers and consumers, CETDEM has successfully been working with the Ministry of Agriculture and other relevant agencies in developing a national standard and certification system.Membership is open to all potential organic farmers who are committed to O.F. practices.Click on below links for the memberships form Organic Farming Member Form Page 1

Organic Farming Member Form Page 2

Farmers List:


Members of CETDEM Organic Farming Project

Click here for FARMERS GROUP list




FCOFP (Friend of CETDEM Organic Farming Project)

Click here for FCOFP list


Courses and TrainingThere are 3 types of courses available targeting at different group of people.1: Organic Farming Kitchen Gardening Partime Courses
click here to view document 2: Organic Farming Courses
click here to view document 3: Weekend Farming Courses on Organic Composting
click here to view document Contact Person:
Ms. Tan Siew Luang, O.F. Project CoordinatorAddress:
P.O. Box 382, 46740 Petaling Jaya, Malaysia
Tel: +603-78757767 Fax: +603-78754039

Registration Form
Registration form for each course is be found at the end of each course content.

***Special service will be given to indigenious and rural people.


A Word from OFP CoordinatorHere and ThereMy million apologies for the very very overdue Green Nest newsletter issue 23! So many things have happened and many tasks to be accomplished …. coupled with inability to get a Centre Coordinator (the right one!) and also someone to maintain the vegetable garden. Is always not easy to find someone who is willing to work under the sun and get his/her hands soiled….most importantly someone who is confident and believes that the activities carried out at the Organic Farming Community Centre (OFCC) would have the long term effect in creating environmental and social consciousness and not just awareness. Thus together we make the society a better place to live!As for this issue, you will find that we have combined the unpublished issue for July – December`06 with this Issue January – June`07 for this year’s first half. I hope our dear members will bear with us for our dilemma … however we will try to get our July-Dec issue on schedule if everything goes well as expected.Note : OFCC (Organic Farming Community Centre) – a focus point/touch base in carrying out various activities organized by CETDEM Organic Farming Project (COFP) has been in operation unofficially since January 2007.Though we are yet to get the centre launched, some activities have already been on going. We have planted the 1st batch of vegetables and been selling to our members, as well as fruits like banana and papaya. Now we are preparing for the 2nd batch. We have been selling breads and buns on special order and at events. We also cooked lunch for over 20 people on special request although we have yet to open our Slow Food Kitchen officially. A big thank to Mrs Y.H. Neo, who has been with us as part timer since March 2007. We were lucky to have her at that point of time not only to be responsible for the Slow Food Kitchen but also to help maintain the Centre as well as the garden, besides helping at the recent National Organic Farming Seminar and Slow Food Fund Raising Dinner!By the way, on behalf of CETDEM, I would like to take this opportunity to thank whole heartedly many of our members, friends/volunteers and supporters who have contributed so much in this establishment of the Organic Farming Community Centre, Fund Raising Dinner and Seminar, be it in kind or cash, and their time and energy. Without their untiring support, the centre would not have been established and the OF Seminar and Slow Food Fund Raising Dinner would not have been possible! Thank you very much, it is people like you that keep CETDEM and especially myself spirited and more determined to get the OFCC moving!In the next issue we will interview/ write about some of our long time CETDEM Organic Farming Project members/volunteers/ supporters who have been with us since the organic farm was established … hereafter the informal membership of CETDEM Organic Farming Project (COFP) and now the Organic Farming Community Centre (OFCC) – their untiring support….WHY & WHAT keep them doing?For today, a special acknowledgment to Mr Choo Ghee Sek, a long time member of FCOFP (Friends of CETDEM Organic Farming Project) since 2003, has been very supportive of CETDEM`s activities. Mr Choo and his wife run an Organic Food Wholesale outlet in Taman Mayang, PJ.My special note today is to thank him for the TRUST he has placed in me. I feel so privileged and appreciated that on each visit to his shop I could just write down many items that CETDEM OFP members ordered and left without being having to be checked by him and his wife or any staff. He is so generous that I could just go to him for donation of items for our Organic Farming Community Centre (which could cost hundreds of ringgit). Whenever I ask him for donated items (though at times I do feel embarrassed to ask) he would just say: `No problem, just take it` and not even checking what I have taken! Thanks Mr & Mrs Choo, on behalf of CETDEM and myself, thank you for your generosity, trust and support given which I shall not betray and abuse.

Together we keep the organic flag flying!


15 Jan Tanamera Gated Community
CETDEM was engaged by GEC (Global Environment Centre), an NGO to help the Tanamera
Community to start an organic garden and making compost (Jan ~ March)
22-23 Jan Organic Farming Short Course.
CETDEM kicked off the first event of the year by conducting the much awaited 2-days organic farming short course at CETDEM OFCC with 14 participants. This course covered theoretical lectures as well as practical which included the making of compost, bokashi and kuntan instructed by Ms Tan. Other lecturers included Mr. Chan Han Hee, former Director (Horticulture Division) of DOA, and Mr. Kenny Ng of Green Wish Vegi Garden. The participants were taken on an exposure trip to GK Organic Farm. We were grateful for the input contributed by Mr. Gan Koon Chai and refreshments provided by the management. Overall, the participants found this course to be useful and realistic for future practices.
27 Feb Soap Making Class & Bin Composting Class (CETDEM OFCC)
The soap making class was instructed by Ms. Soo Cheng, our KGG member, from 10am to 12pm with 9 participants. Participants learned how to make soap the natural way. At the end of the lesson, every participant was delighted to bring home a 500g soap hand-made by themselves. In the afternoon, 5 participants attended the bin composting conducted by Ms Tan.
28 Feb JCI study visit to CETDEM OFCC and CETDEM Office
Johnsons Control Int. (JCI) organized a study visit to OFCC and CETDEM’s Energy Efficient Demo office on 28th. The group of 12 visited OFCC in the morning. They toured the vegetable garden and attended a talk on organic farming and also learned about how CETDEM reaches out to public on the importance of organic farming/food & sustainable living through various
activities organized. After refreshments, they proceeded to the CETDEM Office in SS 2 to attend a talk on “Energy Efficiency at Home” and experienced for themselves the cool environment without air conditioning!
3 Mar Lunch at Green Green Organic Kitchen
Mrs. Neo, CETDEM project officer and Ms Tan, finally made it to the Green Green Organic Kitchen in Cheras. We were very delighted to be presented with at least 5 courses of very impressive dishes (inclusive of 1 dessert). Find out more for yourself by ringing 03-92210133.
Undoubtedly, this is the kind of presentation that we wish to promote in Slow Food …… Thanks to Dr Andrew and his team.
4 Mar JCI study visit to Green Wish Vegi Garden
Another group of 33 JCI staff were taken on a day trip to Green Wish Vegi Garden in Chenderiang, Perak to experience and understand better the life of an organic farmer.
17 Mar A pre-launch press conference for Hari Organik #6
The press conference was held at MBPJ Headquarters. Those present included MBPJ Councilors and Directors, representatives from RA SS2 Selatan, RT SS2B, vendors and media reporters.
26 Mar 6th Hari Organik 2011
The much waited CETDEM’s Hari Organik finally returned, to a new venue – Taman Pusat Bandar SS2 instead of Section 19. 40 exhibitors took part. The event was very well publicized by The STAR, NST, Nanyang Sang Pau,, Sin Chew Daily as well as a studio interview by Aifm. We received a constant stream of visitors from morning till afternoon, estimated to be close to 4,000. This event attracted a slightly different crowd from before. We were delighted to see more visitors of different races and age groups from the local neighborhood communities in PJ. Besides poster presentations, talks and demos, the Eco Band of 14 members from SMK (P) Sri Aman’s Toyota Eco Rangers Club members gave a music/song performance with instruments made of household utensils!
16 Apr Talk at Sokai Gakkai Malaysia (SGM)
CETDEM Chairman, Gurmit Singh, was invited by SGM to give a talk on “Making Sustainable Development Happen” at its centre in Bukit Bintang KL. Thanks to Wong Kam You, our dedicated KGG member together with her husband, for their help in promoting our publications and garden produce at the event.
28 Apr Talking Organics
The OFP Coordinator was interviewed by Yee Lisan of Switchup TV – a web TV under The Star
Publications. “Talking Organics” is a webisode where they talk about how one can implement green
practices in our everyday lifestyle.
28 Apr Talk at SMK (P) Sri Aman, Petaling Jaya (Organic Garden Project)
Ms Tan gave a talk on organic farming to the Toyota Eco Ranger Club members. CETDEM has been approached by the school to help start an organic vegetable plot. Since April 7, a compost heap has been made and some plants were planted. On April 21, a small plot of land of 6m x 4m was mapped for growing the vegetables. Whether the vegetable garden will become a reality is in the hands of the students and teacher in charge.
11 May “Round Table” Lunch
The CETDEM Organic Project started the initiative to rekindle and strengthen relationships with our dedicated volunteers and supporters by inviting them over for a simple lunch/bites at our OFCC. The first attempt was a simple lunch with just a group of 8 persons……as the table could only seat 8 pax! We hope to have more of you over for a meal/bites more often! So keep in touch and see you then!
15 May Potluck Lunch Get-together
Thanks to Kim, a KGG member and an avid gardener, for agreeing to host the potluck lunch get-together at her residence in TDDI. There were 33 of us, including many guests invited by Kim and her husband, Philip. For many of them, this was the first time to have met a group of ‘organic’ people and tasted some the organic and otherwise healthy dishes. After lunch, Kim led the group to tour her garden.




The Centre for Environment, Technology and Development, Malaysia (CETDEM), a non-profit organisation that has been promoting sustainable development including organic farming since 1985, has set up an Organic Farming Community Centre (OFCC), located within a residential area in Petaling Jaya. OFCC serves as a focal point / touch base in carrying out activities organised by CETDEM Organic Farming Project (COFP) and has been in operation since January 2007. The objective of this extended activity of CETDEM is to further promote organic farming/kitchen gardening and ecological sustainable living amongst the urban families and community at large.Amongst other activities, OFCC also houses a Slow Food Kitchen where food will be served with vegetables/fruits/herbs freshly picked from the Centre’s garden. Slow Food Kitchen is to demonstrate and promote healthy food preparation with NO use of MSG and other food additives; use less salt / sugar / oil and less fried. Slow Food Kitchen also serves as a platform for health conscious yet creative people to share their `expertise and experience`and develop together a new recipe book.


As more and more people are leading a fast life, we are not conscious of the kind of food we eat in terms of nutritional value, food/product consumption patterns, where and how it comes from, and how food choices and eating habits affect the livelihood of the native people, and the environment, locally and globally.The primary objective of setting up of the Slow Food Kitchen is not to generate income for the operational cost of the Community Centre but to demonstrate to the diners the benefit of eating organic food and how it is being prepared/cooked/eaten in a simple but tasty and healthy way. With that, we hope will connect food producers/farmers, consumers, advocators, cooks, and people like you who value the art of eating/cooking. Slow Food meals bring the joys of eating responsibly in harmony with the pursuit of pleasure.

Slow Food International

Slow Food International is a non-profit International Association with membership of more than 83,000 in 107 countries around the world. The events and projects the Association organises are Terra Madre (means Mother Earth) Salone del Gusto / Slow fish / Cheese / Taste education in school garden and children sensory classes etc. Slow Food International is basically a foundation set up to defend world biodiversity through the Ark and Presidia products/projects to defend and promote traditional local products.In year 2004, Slow Food International organised its first Terra Madre (Mother Earth), world meeting of food communities, brought 5,000 farmers and food producers together in Turin, Italy. For this 1st edition, CETDEM was approached to send 5 delegates to participate in the workshop held on 20 ~ 23 October. At the 2nd edition, year 2006, the CETDEM Organic Farming Coordinator led a group of 4 consisting of 2 farmers, one cook and a retailer that participated in the event from 26 to 30 October. This time CETDEM was asked to send a cook to demonstrate a recipe with use of black pepper grown in Sarawak.Slow Food Foundation for Biodiversity`s mission is to organize and fund project that defend the world`s heritage of agricultural biodiversity and gastronomic traditions.


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